“PRACTICE IN EDUCATION is a process of enabling all the students to learn and participate effectively within mainstream school system. There is not a single parent of a child with disabilities, who does not hope that his child would someday have a friend and connections with the broader community. The philosophy of inclusion hinges on helping students and teachers become partners by creating new visions and new ideas for learning. The focus of inclusion will be as follow:-
• Improve the education system for all students by focusing on the diverse need of student.
• Encourage the student with and without special needs interact with and relate to each other
• Reflect changing culture of contemporary schools with the emphasis on active learning and multi-level instructional approaches.
• Emphasis on caring, nurturing and supportive educational communities
Thus it involves all kind of practice that is ultimately practice of good teachings. Every child has a fundamental right to have education and must be given the opportunity to achieve and maintain acceptable level of learning. Every child has unique characteristics, interest, abilities and learning needs, those with the special education needs must have access to mainstream schools and much more.
Research shows that this Practical education helps the development of all the children in different ways. Students with specific challenges make gain in cognitive and social development and physical motor skills. They do well when the general environment is adjusted to meet their needs. Children with more typical development gain higher level of tolerance for people with differences.
They learn to make the most of whoever they’re playing with.
• Use of multimedia and variety of teaching material.
• Explanations of the topic using concrete example for understanding of the concept.
• Ensuring that there is effective communication between teacher and students. This may mean aloud material that is written on the board.
• Preferential seating arrangement in case of students with different disabilities.
• Some flexibility with the assignment deadlines, assessment practice and extra reading time may be appropriate and will ensure students are not disadvantaged because of their disability.
• Extra time for during exams in case of specific learning disabilities. To make the consideration towards incorrect spelling. Poor grammar and essay structure during the assessment process for a student who is specific learning disability.
• Ask maximum questions and correct their answers, let them write on black board.
A team of teachers, with the help of my Director Shri Vikrant Maina have worked on the plan of to practice in the classroom. The aim is to make the classroom learning conducive to the student with difficulties, with the strategies use by the teachers to deal with their disabilities. The group of the teachers will also investigate the possible causes of the difficulties faced by the students. The group will do a depth study and will arrive at a broad plan for the execution. The special needs predominantly observed among students are Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, Sensory Integration and Dyslexia. Once the issue will be identified, it is important to educate the teachers about the course of action planned and their role in it. Because of the belief that it involves the additional work & also that the teachers may not have the knowledge of various special needs teacher hosed maximum resistance. It all depends upon the interest and dedication of the teacher. Dedication in general seems to be of a great value, but we people are taking it so casual and not giving much attention. So the teacher should be faithful to his/her duty with the total devotion and dedication. The satisfaction of student in class is priority. We must aware of the needs if the students, especially those are having learning disability.
In order to overcome the constraints I recommend a step by step approach that start with educating the teachers about initiative. The result of the training session, the teachers shall become more accepting of the idea of practices in education.
Another form of support comes from the school Director/Assistant Director in the form of specific classroom strategies to be used for the students with special needs. The strategies include use of visuals, more hand on the learning through project work, use of the multimedia, colour aids and so on. There are many strategies, which can be work out with the help of coordinators, teachers and management’s advice.
The most important component in the efforts towards practices that come from actively parents. The parents need to accept the benefits of the practices as well as to contribute towards its success. The Director/ Assistant Director is an instrument in guiding and counseling the parents in the use of the various strategies that would go in hand with the classroom intervention.
After three months, the start of the practices in the classrooms, a positive atmosphere will exist in the classrooms. Students will be more tolerant of their classmates’ different abilities and teachers will experience more conducive learning environment.
Practices, however g=has reward as well as pitfalls. A school system may have the vision, incentives, resources and action plans to achieve the desired change but it involves a lot of background work like staff development to face new challenges, shared beliefs among administrators, teachers and parent to support practices, time for planning, flexible scheduling and innovative classrooms instruction.
The success of the implementation of practices in the classroom is containing upon the training 7 sensitization of the teachers. Teachers must be properly exposed to various in instructional strategies. They must master these & be able to improvise the same. To suit their students, they must be made capable of adapting available material to suit differently abled students.
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